English/Language Arts

Competency Goal 1: The learner will develop and apply enabling strategies and skills to read and write.

1.01 Develop book and print awareness:

1.02 Develop phonemic awareness and knowledge of alphabetic principle:

1.03 Demonstrate decoding and word recognition strategies and skills:

  • read or attempt to read own dictated story.
  • attempt to read/reads simple patterned text, decodable text, and/or predictable texts using letter-sound knowledge and pictures to construct meaning.

http://teacher.scholastic.com/clifford1/index.htm (click under Read a Story!)

1.05 Interact for at least 10 minutes daily with self-selected texts that are consistent with the student’s independent reading level.

Competency Goal 2: The learner will develop and apply strategies and skills to comprehend text that is read, heard, and viewed.


2.01 Demonstrate sense of story (e.g., beginning, middle, end, characters, details and setting).
2.02 Demonstrate familiarity with a variety of types of books and selections (e.g., picture books, caption books, short informational texts, nursery rhymes, word plays/finger plays, puppet plays, reenactments of familiar stories).
2.03 Use preparation strategies to activate prior knowledge and experience before and during the reading of a text.
2.04 Formulate questions that a text might answer before beginning to read (e.g., what will happen in this story, who might this be, where do you think this happens).
2.05 Predict possible events in texts before and during reading.
2.06 Understand and follow oral-graphic directions.
2.07 Demonstrate understanding of literary language; e.g., “once upon a time” and other vocabulary specific to a genre.
2.08 Distinguish fantasy from reality when reading text.
2.09 Identify the sequence of events in a story.

Competency Goal 3: The learner will make connections through the use of oral language, written language, and media and technology.

3.01 Connect information and events in text to experience.
3.02 Discuss concepts and information in a text to clarify and extend knowledge.
3.03 Associate target words with prior knowledge and explore an author’s choice of words.
3.04 Use speaking and listening skills and media to connect experiences and text:

  • listening to and re-visiting stories.
  • discussing, illustrating, and dramatizing stories.
  • discovering relationships.

Competency Goal 4: The learner will apply strategies and skills to create oral, written, and visual texts.

4.01 Use new vocabulary in own speech and writing.
4.02 Use words that name and words that tell action in a variety of simple texts (e.g., oral retelling, written stories, lists, journal entries of personal experiences).
4.03 Use words that describe color, size, and location in a variety of texts: e.g., oral retelling, written stories, lists, journal entries of personal experiences.
4.04 Maintain conversation and discussions:

  • attending to oral presentations.
  • taking turns expressing ideas and asking questions.

4.05 Use a variety of sentence patterns such as interrogative requests (Can you go with me?) and sentence fragments that convey emotion (Me, too!).

  • write from left to right and from top to bottom.
  • write most letters and some words when dictated.

4.06 Write and/or participate in writing behaviors by using authors’ models of language.
http://www.rif.org/readingplanet/gamestation/poetrysplatter/default.mspx (click on Age Group: 3-5)

Competency Goal 5: The learner will apply grammar and language conventions to communicate effectively.


5.01 Develop spelling strategies and skills by:

  • representing spoken language with temporary and/or conventional spelling.
  • writing most letters of the alphabet.
  • analyzing sounds in a word and writing dominant consonant letters.

5.02 Use capital letters to write the word I and the first letter in own name.
5.03 Use legible manuscript handwriting.


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Donna Murray – Digital Teaching and Learning Consultant